Prime Mover Magazine


GHG project a world first for logistics emissions transparency and management

A Melbourne start-up has partnered with Swinburne University of Technology to collect and analyse Greengouse Gas (GHG) emitted in the transport and logistics supply chain to help develop a bespoke prototype system for the accurate real time collection and reporting of emissions.

Scope3 and Swinburne aim to understand the causes of and relative contributions to GHG generation.

The GHG Protocol Corporate Standard classifies a company's GHG emissions into three scopes. Scope 1 emissions are direct emissions from owned or controlled sources. Scope 2 emissions are indirect emissions from the generation of purchased energy. Scope 3 emissions are all indirect emissions (not included in scope 2) that occur in the value chain of the reporting company, including both upstream and downstream transport emissions.

Managing the collection and analysis of GHG emissions data is a complex and diverse challenge for businesses, governments and industry. In particular, accurate GHG emissions data from transport emissions, accounting for the 'last mile' of a global supply chain, is not readily available and accessible for use.

GHG emissions reporting is being prioritised worldwide and international standards such as the Global Logistics Emissions Council framework are now used, but significant issues exist with data sourcing, accuracy, timeliness and transparency in current Scope 3 data collection and management practice. This is especially so in Australia where GHG emissions reporting is not yet mandatory across the board and the sheer complexity of data collection and reporting means that many who could participate and benefit from reporting are simply not participating.

This collaboration between Scope3, the Swinburne Business School’s Information Systems for Social Impact Research Group researchers from Swinburne’s School of Software and Electrical Engineering, is funded under the auspices of the Smart Cities Research Institute.  It targets the development of real-time GHG measurement system for all modes of road transport, including last mile delivery, with next-stage development of a digital platform to report, organise and manage the data, and the building of machine learning models to automatically identify improvement opportunities.

"We believe this is potentially world-leading work with significant benefits for the transport, logistics and supply chain industries’ contribution to the climate change fight, not least in equipping service providers to meet the growing expectations of clients large and small, and to meet and exceed the requirements of an inevitable tightening of the regulatory environment governing emissions," Swinburne said in a joint statement with Scope3.

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